research

 
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Research Vision

Why we come together in research?

Collaborative and unified work create impactful & substantial results for the society and mankind. We  bridge the gap between the developed and developing world to uplift the research potential. We join forces with oncologists, clinicians, and scientists/researchers. We are very optimistic and look forward to our research together, to bring into limelight the current situation of Breast cancer in the urban & rural sectors across the globe.

Goals

  1. Research collaboration: BCH will write the research plan, send to the respective collaborators, & once all approved by research boards & ethics team from the collaborators’ organizations, will start with our collaborative research projects.
    Helping to connect the dots between the developed and developing world. Collaboration with oncologists, clinicians, scientists from different countries, hospitals, research centers, diverse cohorts- to grasp the scenario of Breast cancer prevalence in diverse ethnicity & cultures. My idea is to work together on clinical data analysis with the oncologists & the research team collaborators, conduct various immunohistochemistry staining on breast carcinoma tissues, and try to decipher the hidden elements that may eventually help in the treatment schema. In simple terms, we try to understand the status & frequency of Breast cancer, prevalent receptor status, chronic underlying disease conditions and eventually publish into open access journals so that each & everyone can have access. My vision is to decipher & report the Breast Cancer scenario in the remotest of the villages & towns in rural segments as well as urban sectors from the developing countries.

  2. Regional local factors: Research and analysis on regional aspects with regards to food, culture and environmental factors contributing to cancer development and prognosis.

  3. Review cancer articles: Review articles summarizing the current state of understanding of the Cancer screening processes & research will be published.

  4. Research articles in simple words: Current research findings on cancer published on other authentic scientific journals to be reported in simple language, layman terms, understandable by mass public - de-briefing the scientific articles and translating the findings in simple words.

  5. Scientific platform that will offer high-level disease state education materials to general population, including cancer patients, and will also serve as an in-depth scientific resource for health care professionals.

  6. Young scientist cancer meet: Breast Cancer Hub wants to bring awareness and scientific thought leadership in the students that will encourage research ideas, data analysis, foundation for networking, collaborations and most importantly empowering them with knowledge about cancer prevention and the importance of early detection that can save lives. Team description and their Research work/exhibits will be published on BCH newsletter & website, reflecting students’ research experience, eventually helping in their career path. Students will relate science to the real world by applying their knowledge in meaningful ways for future development & growth, contributing towards community service towards the cause of cancer.

  7. On-site survey during community events & outreaches: Conduct on-site simple survey during community outreaches on women & men – if they perform Breast health screening processes; follow up with the same questionnaire to understand the impact of our awareness & education outreaches in various communities. Data collected from rural & urban sectors after each session to be published collectively.
    June 27th through August 21st, 2018, India outreach (On-site survey question): I asked the audience during my India outreach if they undergo regular Breast screening protocols, data noted after each session to be collectively published as a communication. This data will be very critical and an eye opener for the people of India.

  8. Online Market research survey to feel the pulse and understand our target segments across globe: We have been conducting an online survey since October 2017, with questionnaire focusing on knowledge about Breast issues & if screening processes performed by women & men on Breast health. The survey was taken by friends from Kellogg School of Management network & our Global network of friends & their families.The data collected & analyzed till June 2018, reports that our target segment should be directed to not only the rural world but everyone irrespective of education & socio-economic status (n= ~>360 women and men till June 2018: it is an ongoing survey). Results: Our data suggest that our target segments are Urban & Rural Developing and Developed Countries, irrespective of education and socio-economic status. Data to be published as a short communication on an open access journal in future.

 

ongoing research

  1. Market research survey to feel the pulse and understand our target segments across globe
    We have been conducting an online survey since October 2017, with questionnaire focusing on knowledge about Breast issues & if screening processes performed by women & men on Breast health. The survey was taken by friends from Kellogg School of Management network & our Global network of friends & their families.

    The data collected & analyzed till June 2018, reports that our target segment should be directed to not only the rural world but everyone irrespective of education & socio-economic status (n= ~>360 women and men till June 2018: it is an ongoing survey).

    Results: Our data suggest that our target segments are Urban & Rural Developing and Developed Countries, irrespective of education and socio economic status.

    Data to be published as a short communication on an open access journal in future.

    Please take the two minute survey, we value your data:
    Survey about your breast health which takes less than 2 minutes. The questionnaire highlights on familiarity about self-breast examination, clinical breast examination, dense breast, mammogram, ultrasound and lifestyle in both men and women. Analysis of data will help grasp the current scenario of Breast Cancer Awareness across the world!

  2. On-site survey during community events & outreaches
    Conduct on-site simple survey during community outreaches on women & men – if they perform Breast health screening processes; follow up with the same questionnaire to understand the impact of our awareness & education outreaches in various communities. Data collected from rural & urban sectors after each session to be published collectively.

    June 27th through August 21st (On-site survey question): I asked the audience during my India outreach if they undergo regular Breast screening protocols, data noted after each session to be collectively published as a communication. This data will be very critical and an eye opener for the people of India.

inflammation and cancer

Breast Cancer and Inflammation-Role of Diet

Cancer, also known as malignant tumor, is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. In the human body, there are trillions of cells with various functions. These cells grow and divide to help the body function properly. Cells die when they become old or damaged, and new cells replace them. Cancer develops when the body’s normal control mechanism stops working. Old cells do not die and cells grow out of control, forming new, abnormal cells. These extra cells may form a mass of tissue, called a tumor. Among the most commonly diagnosed cancer, and most prevalent cause of cancer death in women is breast cancer; estimated to affect 1 out of every 8 women. Even with today’s cutting-edge research technology, much remains to be discovered about how best to treat and manage this serious illness. Metastatic breast cancer (also called advanced or stage IV breast cancer) is breast cancer that has spread beyond the breast and nearby lymph nodes to other parts of the body. The most devastating aspect of breast cancer is the emergence of tumor cells that are capable of spreading to distant organs such as bones, liver, brain and lungs. As hard as it is to hear, metastatic breast cancer cannot be cured. This does not mean, however, that metastatic breast cancer cannot be treated.   Because current treatments are very unlikely to cure advanced breast cancer, treatment of metastatic breast cancer focuses on span and quality of life.

Metastasis is regulated not only by intrinsic genetic changes in malignant cells, but also by the microenvironment. Several studies have demonstrated that sites of chronic inflammation are often associated with the establishment and growth of various malignancies. In addition, the immune system appears to play an overseer's role in both diseases. In Latin, the word "inflammation" means "I ignite, set alight" and like gasoline, that's exactly what it does to cancer. Inflammation orchestrates the microenvironment around tumors, contributing to proliferation, survival and migration. Inflammation is part of the body’s immune response; without it, we cannot heal. But when it's out of control—as in rheumatoid arthritis—it can damage the body. As the evidence linking chronic inflammation to breast cancer progression grows, it becomes increasingly important to understand why this risk exists. A common inflammatory condition in humans is autoimmune arthritis (AA) that causes inflammation. From our studies, we have reported that breast cancer associated metastasis is significantly augmented with arthritis and we evaluated and established the mechanism. Chronic inflammation might increase the risk of breast cancer recurrence.

These insights are fostering new anti-inflammatory therapeutic approaches to cancer development. Stress, lack of exercise, genetic predisposition, and exposure to toxins can all contribute to such chronic inflammation, but dietary choices play a big role as well. Learning how specific food influence the inflammatory process is the best strategy for containing it and reducing disease risks specially cancer.


List of food that may curb inflammation:

  1. Turmeric and Ginger: Curcumin-a derivative of turmeric, and the pigment that gives the curry spice turmeric its yellow-orange color appears to be universally useful for just about every type of cancer. It has the ability to modulate genetic activity and expression, both by destroying cancer cells, and by promoting healthy cell functions. Turmeric also works in the body by helping to turn off NF-kappaprotein that regulates the immune system and triggers the process of inflammation. Its relative, ginger, possesses numerous therapeutic properties including antioxidant effects, an ability to inhibit the formation of inflammatory compounds, and direct anti-inflammatory effects.

  2. Onions and garlic: Onions contain several anti-inflammatory compounds that contribute to reducing symptoms that are associated with a host of inflammatory conditions like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, the allergic inflammatory response of asthma and the respiratory congestion that is a symptom of the common cold. Onions and their cousin garlic both contain compounds that inhibit enzymes that generate inflammatory prostaglandins and thromboxane. Both vitamin C and quercetin contribute to this beneficial effect. They work synergistically to spell relief from inflammation, making both onions and garlic good choices as ingredients in many dishes during cold and flu season. Garlic also has the ability to reduce the buildup of carcinogenic compounds that cause cancer.

  3. Fatty fish: Oily fish, like salmon, mackerel, tuna and sardines, are high in omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to help reduce inflammation.

  4. Whole grains: Consuming most of our grains as whole grains, as opposed to refined, white bread, cereal, rice, and pasta can help keep harmful inflammation at bay. That’s because whole grains have more fiber, which has been shown to reduce levels of C-reactive protein, a marker of inflammation in the blood, and they usually have less added sugar.

  5. Dark leafy greens: Studies have suggested that vitamin E may play a key role in protecting the body from pro-inflammatory molecules called cytokines—and one of the best sources of this vitamin is dark green veggies, such as spinach, kale, broccoli, and collard greens. Dark greens and cruciferous vegetables also tend to have higher concentrations of vitamins and minerals like calcium, iron and disease fighting phytochemicals than those with lighter colored leaves.

  6. Nuts: Another source of inflammation-fighting healthy fats is nuts—particularly almonds, which are rich in fiber, calcium, and vitamin E, and walnuts, which have high amounts of alpha-linolenic acid that reduces inflammation.

  7. Peppers: Chili peppers contain a substance called capsaicin which is a potent anti-inflammatory agent. It works by inhibiting Substance P, which is associated with inflammatory processes. Capsaicin is being looked at as a potential treatment for arthritis, psoriasis and diabetic neuropathy. A study published in Cancer Research found that capsaicin caused cancer cells to commit suicide.

  8. Tomatoes: Juicy red tomatoes, specifically, are rich in lycopene, which has been shown to reduce inflammation in the lungs and throughout the body.

  9. Olive oil: The compound oleocanthal, which gives olive oil its taste, has been shown to have a similar effect as Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) in the body.

  10. Beets: This vegetable’s brilliant red color is a tip-off to its equally brilliant antioxidant properties: Beets (and beetroot juice) have been shown to reduce inflammation, as well as protect against cancer and heart disease, thanks to their hearty helping of fiber, vitamin C and plant pigments called betalains.

  11. Green Tea: Like produce, this tea contains anti-inflammatory flavonoids that may even help reduce the risks of certain cancers.

  12. Berries: All fruits can help fight inflammation, because they’re low in fat and calories and high in antioxidants. But fresh berries, especially, have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties—possibly because of anthocyanins, the powerful chemicals that give them their rich color. Blueberries not only reduce inflammation, but they can protect the brain from aging and prevent diseases, such as cancer and dementia. We should aim for organic berries, as pesticides are hard to wash away due to their size.

  13. Sweet Potato: A great source of complex carbs, fiber, beta-carotene, manganese and vitamin B6 and C, these potatoes actually help heal inflammation in the body.


Food to aggravate inflammation

Five most important diet intake that we can limit:

  1. Sugar: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition warns that processed sugars trigger the release of inflammatory messengers called cytokines. It is better to reduce the intake of desserts, pastries, sodas, chocolate bars, even fruit juices with added sugar.

  2. Saturated Fats: Several studies have shown that saturated fats trigger adipose (fat tissue) inflammation which is not only an indicator of heart disease but also worsens inflammation. Pizza and cheese are the biggest sources of saturated fats and other culprits include meat products (especially red meat), full-fat dairy products, pasta dishes etc.

  3. Trans Fats: Known to trigger systemic inflammation, trans fat can be found in fast foods and other fried products, processed snack foods, cookies, donuts etc.

  4. Omega 6 fatty acids: Our body needs a healthy balance of Omega-6 and Omega-3 fatty acids. Excess consumption of Omega-6 can trigger the body to produce pro-inflammatory chemicals. These fatty acids are found in oils such as corn, safflower, sunflower, vegetable, peanut, soy and grapeseed oil.

  5. Refined carbohydrates: White flour products are high glycemic index foods that fuel the production of advanced glycation end (AGE) products that stimulate inflammation.

Not surprisingly, the same foods that contribute to inflammation and cancer are generally considered bad for our health, including sodas and refined carbohydrates, as well as red meat and processed meats.

Conclusion: Our body’s immune system forms a defensive shield that any fighting force would be proud of. One of its most powerful weapons is inflammation, a carefully orchestrated maneuver designed to eliminate enemies such as bacteria, injured cells and chemical irritants. Without it, we probably wouldn’t survive beyond infancy. But inflammation has a split personality – one that can wreak havoc for those unfortunate enough to experience it. And we now know that inflammation’s dark side is a powerful force in cancer progress, where it aids and abets tumor growth and spread around the body. Therefore, watching what we eat and staying abreast is a noteworthy step towards the war against cancer…..especially for women with breast cancer and arthritis which involves inflammation.

References on Breast Cancer and Inflammation:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2803035/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=lopamudra+roy
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Roy+LD
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=lopamudra+das+roy
https://www.arthritis.org/living-with-arthritis/arthritis-diet/foods-to-avoid-limit/food-ingredients-and-inflammation.php
https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/foods-that-fight-inflammation

By Dr. Lopamudra Das Roy
Founder and President, Breast Cancer Hub Foundation

stress and cancer

coming soon

Stay tuned, more articles to come